关键字:
感染性疾病

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肺结核
原作者: Jon Mark Hirshon,葛赟译 文章来源: 《中华急诊医学杂志》编辑部 发布日期:2015-03-03
关键词:肺结核

Title: Tuberculosis
题目:肺结核
Author 作者: Jon Mark Hirshon
翻译:葛赟 校对:肖锋

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major infectious disease that occurs worldwide.
肺结核(TB)是全球性的重要传染病
1 TB is second only to HIV/AIDS for the number of individuals killed worldwide from a single agent.
2 从全世界的单一疾病死亡数量而言,肺结核仅次于艾滋病毒/艾滋病
3 In 2013, 1.5 million died from TB and 9 million became ill
4 2013年,150万人死于肺结核,同时有900万人患肺结核
5 The vast majority (>95%) of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries
6 绝大多数(约95%)的结核病死亡者发生在中低收入国家

Fortunately, public health and clinical measures have had some success.
幸运的是,公共卫生和临床措施已经取得了一些成功。
• The estimated number of individuals annually become ill with TB is declining
• 每年患结核病的预计人数在下降
• The TB death rate dropped 45% between 1990 and 2014
• 在1990到2014年之间,结核病死亡率下降了45%
• An estimated 37 million lives were saved between 2000 and 2013 through diagnosis and treatment
• 在2000到2013年之间,通过诊断和治疗,大约有3700万生命获救

Bottom line:
要点:
• Tuberculosis (TB) is a major killer worldwide.
• 结核病是全世界最主要的杀手
• Treatments are available to treat both latent and active disease
• 对潜在的、活动期的结核病是可以治疗的
◦ See 参见: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/treatment/
Good clinical awareness is key to disease identification
良好的临床警觉性是诊断疾病的关键

文章来源:《中华急诊医学杂志》编辑部